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18/06/11

Perintah DOS dan Kegunaanya

DOS adalah (merupakan) sistem operasi yang menggunakan interface command-line yang digunakan para pengguna komputer pada dekade tahun 1980-an. Untuk fasilitas booting komputer dan menjalankan beberapa aplikasi software, misalnya WS dan Lotus. Masih banyak fungsi DOS yang digunakan pada zaman sekarang, terutama dalam menyelesaikan beberapa troubleshooting pada hardware komputer. Walaupun bisa juga dilakukan pada sistem operasi berbasis GUI.


Berikut ini fungsi-fungsi DOS.
• Mengorganisasikan atau mengendalikan kegiatan komputer
• Mengatur memori
• Mengatur proses input dan output data
• Management file
• Management directory
  
Berikut ini Perintah-perintah DOS dan Kegunaannya :

APPEND : Causes MS-DOS to look in other directories when editing a file or running a command. 
ARP : Displays, adds, and removes arp information from network devices
ASSIGN : Assign a drive letter to an alternate letter
ASSOC : View the file associations
AT : Schedule a time to execute commands or programs.
ATMADM : Lists connections and addresses seen by Windows ATM call manager.
ATTRIB : Display and change file attributes.
BATCH : NRecovery console command that executes a series of commands in a file.
BOOTCFG : Recovery console command that allows a user to view, modify, and rebuild the boot.ini
BREAK : Enable / disable CTRL + C feature.
CACLS : View and modify file ACL's.
CALL : Calls a batch file from another batch file.
CD : Changes directories.
CHCP : Supplement the International keyboard and character set information.
CHDIR Changes directories.
CHKDSK : Check the hard disk drive running FAT for errors.
CHKNTFS : Check the hard disk drive running NTFS for errors.
CHOICE : Specify a listing of multiple options within a batch file.
CLS : Clears the screen.
CMD : Opens the command interpreter.
COLOR : Easily change the foreground and background color of the
MS-DOS window.
COMP : Compares files.
COMPACT : Compresses and uncompress files.
CONTROL : Open control panel icons from the MS-DOS prompt.
CONVERT : Convert FAT to NTFS.
COPY : Copy one or more files to an alternate location.
CTTY : Change the computers input/output devices.
DATE : View or change the systems date.
DEBUG : Debug utility to create assembly programs to modify hardware settings.
DEFRAG : Re-arrange the hard disk drive to help with loading programs.
DEL : Deletes one or more files.
DELETE : Recovery console command that deletes a file.
DELTREE : Deletes one or more files and/or directories.
DIR : List the contents of one or more directory.
DISABLE : Recovery console command that disables Windows system services or drivers.
DISKCOMP : Compare a disk with another disk.
DISKCOPY : Copy the contents of one disk
DOSKEY : Command to view and execute commands that have been run in the past.
DOSSHELL : A GUI to help with early MS-DOS users.
DRIVPARM : Enables overwrite of original device drivers.
ECHO : Displays messages and enables and disables echo.
EDIT : View and edit files.
EDLIN : View and edit files.
EMM386 : Load extended Memory Manager.
ENABLE : Recovery console command to enable a disable service or driver.
ENDLOCAL : Stops the localization of the environment changes enabled by the setlocal command.
ERASE : Erase files
EXPAND : Expand a Microsoft Windows file back to it's original format.
EXIT : Exit from the command interpreter.
EXTRACT : Extract files from the Microsoft Windows cabinets.
FASTHELP : Displays a listing of MS-DOS commands and information about them
FC : Compare files.
FDISK : Create the partitions on the hard disk drive.
FIND : Search for text within a file.
FINDSTR : Searches for a string of text within a file.
FIXBOOT : Writes a new boot sector.
FIXMBR : Writes a new boot record to a disk drive.
FOR : Boolean used in batch files.
FORMAT : Command to erase and prepare a disk drive.
FTP : Command to connect and operate on a FTP server.
FTYPE : Displays or modifies file types used in file extension asociations.
GOTO : Moves a batch file to a specific label or location.
GRAFTABL : Show extended characters in graphics mode.
HELP : Display a listing of commands and brief explanation.
IF : Allows for batch files to perform conditional processing.
IFSHLP.SYS : 32-bit file manager.
IPCONFIG : Network command to view network adapter settings and assigned values.
KEYB : Change layout of keyboard.
LABEL : Change the label of a disk drive.
LH : Load a device driver in to high memory.
LISTSVC : Recovery console command that displays the services and drivers.
LOADFIX : Load a program above the first 64k.
LOADHIGH : Load a device driver in to high memory.
LOCK : Lock the hard disk drive.
LOGON : Recovery console command to list installations and enable administrator login.
MAP : Displays the device name of a drive.
MD : Command to create a new directory.
MEM : Display memory on system.
MKDIR : Command to create a new directory.
MODE : Modify the port or display settings.
MORE : Display one page at a time.
MOVE : Move one or more files from one directory to another DIRECTORY
MSAV : Early Microsoft Virus scanner.
MSD : Diagnostics utility.
MSCDEX : Utility used to load and provide access to the CD-ROM.
NBTSTAT : Displays protocol statistics and current TCP/IP connections using NBT
NET : Update, fix, or view the network or network settings
NETSH : Configure dynamic and static network information from MS-DOS.
NETSTAT : Display the TCP/IP network protocol statistics and information.
NLSFUNC : Load country specific information.
NSLOOKUP : Look up an IP address of a domain or host on a network.
PATH : View and modify the computers path location
PATHPING : View and locate locations of network latency
PAUSE : command used in batch files to stop the processing of a command.
PING : Test / send information to another network computer or network device .
POPD : Changes to the directory or network path stored by the pushd command.
POWER : Conserve power with computer portables.
PRINT : Prints data to a printer port.
PROMPT : View and change the MS-DOS prompt.
PUSHD : Stores a directory or network path in memory so it can be returned to at any time.
QBASIC : Open the QBasic.
RD : Removes an empty directory.
REN : Renames a file or directory.
RENAME : Renames a file or directory.
RMDIR : Removes an empty directory.
ROUTE : View and configure windows network route tables.
RUNAS : Enables a user to execute a program on another computer.
SCANDISK : Run the scandisk utility.
SCANREG : Scan registry and recover registry from errors.
SET : Change one variable or string to another.
SETLOCAL : Enables local environments to be changed without affecting anything else.
SHARE : Installs support for file sharing and locking capabilities.
SETVER : Change MS-DOS version to trick older MS-DOS programs.
SHIFT : Changes the position of replaceable parameters in a batch program.
SHUTDOWN : Shutdown the computer from the MS-DOS prompt.
SMARTDRV : Create a disk cache in conventional memory or extended memory.
SORT : Sorts the input and displays the output to the screen.
START : Start a separate window in Windows from the MS-DOS prompt.
SUBST : Substitute a folder on your computer for another drive letter.
SWITCHES : Remove add functions from MS-DOS.
SYS : Transfer system files to disk drive.
TELNET : Telnet to another computer / device from the prompt.
TIME : View or modify the system time.
TITLE : Change the title of their MS-DOS window.
TRACERT : Visually view a network packets route across a network.
TREE : View a visual tree of the hard disk drive.
TYPE : Display the contents of a file.
UNDELETE : Undelete a file that has been deleted.
UNFORMAT : Unformat a hard disk drive.
UNLOCK : Unlock a disk drive.
VER : Display the version information.
VERIFY : Enables or disables the feature to determine if files have been written properly.
VOL : Displays the volume information about the designated drive.
XCOPY : Copy multiple files, directories, and/or drives from one location to another.
TRUENAME : When placed before a file, will display the whole directory in which it exists
TASKKILL : It allows you to kill those unneeded or locked up applications 

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